[webkit-dev] JSC binding code question

Maciej Stachowiak mjs at apple.com
Tue Sep 28 23:36:34 PDT 2010

On Sep 28, 2010, at 11:31 PM, Adam Barth wrote:

> On Tue, Sep 28, 2010 at 11:02 PM, Maciej Stachowiak <mjs at apple.com> wrote:
>> On Sep 28, 2010, at 10:48 PM, Kinuko Yasuda wrote:
>>> Hi Webkit folks,
>>> I'm writing a JSC binding code (custom binding code for now) for a
>>> method that can take JSON-format parameters, and I want to know what
>>> would be the right/recommended way.
>>> I mean, I want to write a binding code that can executes javascript code like:
>>>   directoryEntry.getFile("lockfile.txt", {create: true, exclusive: true});
>>> Where the getFile() method is defined as:
>>>   interface DirectoryEntry : Entry {
>>>     void getFile(in DOMString path, in Flags flags, /* ... */);
>>>   };
>>>   interface Flags {
>>>     attribute boolean create;
>>>     attribute boolean exclusive;
>>>   };
>>> (They are from the File API: Directories and System's draft [1])
>>> And what I have written for this is like following:
>>> if (!exec->argument(1).isNull() && !exec->argument(1).isUndefined() &&
>>> exec->argument(1).isObject() &&
>>> !exec->argument(1).inherits(&JSFlags::s_info)) {
>>>        JSObject* object = exec->argument(1).getObject();
>>>        flags = Flags::create();
>>>        JSValue jsCreate = object->get(exec, Identifier(exec, "create"));
>>>        flags->setCreate(jsCreate.toBoolean(exec));
>>>        JSValue jsExclusive = object->get(exec, Identifier(exec, "exclusive"));
>>>        flags->setExclusive(jsExclusive.toBoolean(exec));
>>> }
>>> Basically the code calls JSObject::get() to get values for the given
>>> property names.
>>> This looked straightforward, but I was told that the get(exec)
>>> re-enters Javascript and could do any arbitrary thing.
>> This much is true. In principle, any property can be a getter, so get() could re-enter into arbitrary JS code.
> In general, this is a dangerous pattern that we use in our bindings.
> Figuring out which objects can be garbage collected when running
> arbitrary JavaScript is very tricky.

I don't see anything unsafe in the code snippet cited.

> In the V8 bindings, it's cheap to grab a "local" handle to a JS
> object, which prevents its GC.  Is there / should there be a similar
> concept in JSC?

JSC as it currently exists does not need a similar concept. Currently it has a partially-conserviative collector which scans the machine stack for potential references to values. So simply having the value in a local variable will do. Likewise, you can assume that a JS function's arguments are protected so long as it is executing, even if the function is implemented in C++.

At some point we may need to change the GC in a way that requires indirection via handles, but we'll cross that bridge when/if we come to it.


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